2015년 10월 15일 목요일

Seoul - World Cup Park & Stadium

World Cup Park is composed of 4 different parks; Pyeonghwa (peace) Park, Haneul (sky) Park, Noeul (sunset) Park, and Nanjicheon (Nanji stream) Park. The area was called as Nanjodo, a small island of Han River which was full of orchids and gromwells. Fom 1978 to 1993, 2 big mounts were made by garbage of Seoul City. The garbage dumping ground was turned over environmental and ecological park commemorating the 2002 FIFA World Cup and new millennium (2000). The park clearly shows the meaning and significance of environmental restoration throush self-reflection against rapid economic growth, as well as challenge and determination of ecological restoration.
Anyone can reach this park easily by subway Line 6 (7 minutes from Eungam Station) or on foot along Bulgwang Stream (around 30 minutes from Eungam Station).

* Maengkongi (narrow-mouth frog)
   In Haneul Park and Noeul Park and, we can hear croaks of 'Maengkongi (narrow-mouth frog)’ in June. The croaks are almost forgotten in downtown because there are no wetlands. They appeared in the World Cup Park in 2000 and they were selected as flagship species of World Cup Park in 2006 by Seoul City. The name of 'Maengkongi’ comes from the croaks, namely, it is said that one croaks ‘maeng’ and then other croaks ‘kong’ thus we may hear ‘maengkong’. They hibernate form Sep to Mar under the earth and then wake up for a while but sleep again. They croak for mating in Jun, a rainy season.

1. Pyeonghwa (Peace) Park

'Peace', the theme of the park, symbolize mutual coexistence and symbiosis, namely, coexistence between nature and human, harmonization among hostile people in the world, harmonization between a large space and neighboring residents, and so on.
 


There is Unicef Plaza, an open plaza commemorating the 2002 FIFA World Cup and symbolizing harmony and peace of the world. 
Remarkable water purification plants such as bulrush, sweetflag, water lily, lotus, etc. were planted on the Nanji Pond. The water comes from Han River and thus fish are accompanied. The purified water flows to the Nanjicheon.
 
 
 
 


 
 





 


 



In the opposite side of the plaza, there are lots of trees that Seoul citizens planted. Recently Seoul Garden Festival is being held in this area. Professional artists made the garden symbolizing the past and the future of Seoul. Especially Garden of Song Library, which implies a garden gathering songs of various singers such as a library having various books, were made by fans of singers such as EXO Chanyeol and Kai, Boyfriend Minwoo, A-Pink Son Na Eun, ect.





















 
 
2. Haneul (Sky) Park
    In the Haneul Park, the highest one in the World Cup Park, there are many competing colonies of silver grasses, reeds and sedges growing well in dry barren soil. It is hard to walk through 291 steps to reach the top. The easiest way is to take a electronic car called as 'Maengkongi (narrow-mouth frog)'
   - Fare
       one way: adult KRW2,000 child KRW1,500
       round-trip: adult KRW3,000 child KRW2,200 
   - Operating hours: 9:00am ~ 19:00pm
 
 
 
 

 
On the top, reed field extends wide. Especially in autumn, the reeds look like hands dancing to the soft rhythm of winds. In addition, this park provides habitats for various animals such as water deer, raccoon dogs, common buzzards, and great spotted woodpeckers.

 

 
 


 














The energy source of the park is natural energy, namely, 5 wind power generators and methane gas that is collected as the waste materials discompose. On the way to the top, landfill transportation gsa pipe lines are seen.



3. Noeul (Sunset) Park
 
    In the Noeul Park, the sunset is the most beautiful in Seoul and the park has wide laens and camping ground, in which Seoul citizens can relax themselves in downtown.
 



 

4. Nanjicheon (Nanji Stream) Park
 
    The Nanjicheon Park has colonies of diverse plants such as pussy willows and reeds. 
 




5. World Cup Stadium
 
  The World Cup Stadium was built for 2002 FIFA World Cup. At that time, Korea was heated by the World Cup games and good performance of Korean team in the 4th place let Koreans be crazy in or outside of stadium. People of over 100,000 cheered the games for the World Cup on street with wearing T-shirts that spell "the Reds". At the moment, big market and movie theater (CGV) are being operated besides stadium.